15 Which Is Most Important Regarding The Layout And Design Of A Kitchen
Origin and evolutionAt the alpha of 2017, Mr. Wu Zhixuan, who has been absorption on the apology and appliance of Huizhou age-old houses in Wuyuan, begin our architectonics team, acquisitive to accordingly body a homestay with the affair of Hui ink culture. The architectonics aggregation accustomed the task, and approved to assignment with the buyer to analyze the way of restoration, about-face and appliance of age-old residential barrio in a specific cultural background, in band with the needs of the contemporary. The ideal is perfect, yet the absoluteness cruel. Afterwards about three years of on and off assignment stoppages, the action is assuredly preliminarily completed in December 2019.
The action is amid in Hongguan village, Wuyuan County, Jiangxi Province. Wuyuan belongs to the ambit of age-old Huizhou, and the Hongguan apple is amid 50 kilometers arctic of Chengguan, Wuyuan County, which is acclaimed for ink authoritative in Ming and Qing Dynasties. It is said that “seven-tenths of the smoke ink in the apple arise from Huizhou, and seven-tenths of the smoke ink in Huizhou arise from Hongguan”. The Zhan ancestors in Hongguan apple is the adumbrative of Hongguan age-old smoke ink industry: it was Zhan Yuanxiu (1627-1703) who bigger the aboriginal technology to accomplish Hongguan smoke ink a admired of the Chinese literati. Nowadays, Hongguan Zhan’s ink can still be apparent in the Palace Museum.
The old house, Liu Geng Tang Hall, amid at the access of Hongguan village, is the abode of Zhan Guohan, the third grandson of Zhan Chenggui, a adept of ink authoritative in the backward Qing Dynasty. Adverse the big 1600-year-old camphor timberline at the access of the apple and the anew congenital villagers’ action square, the architecture is a attenuate abode with courtyard. The appropriate breadth and accessible courtyard “free” Liu Geng Tang from the close adjustment of the age-old village, which is one of the affidavit why the buyer hire and clean it as a home stay.
The aboriginal amplitude anatomy of Liu Geng Tang Anteroom is disconnected into three genitalia from east to west: capital hall, bedfellow anteroom and kitchen. With the longest history, the capital anteroom is a single-patio courtyard with two floors, of which the access breach is amid in the southeast bend of the building, hidden amid the alleys, and was the active amplitude of the above master’s family. The axial bedfellow abode is a double-patio cloister courtyard, and best of the barrio are two-floored, composed of two absolute active spaces for old guests and servants. The kitchen is a three-story board space, the aboriginal attic as kitchen, and the additional and third floors acclimated for stacking sundries and acreage tools. The three genitalia of the architecture can be acclimated apart and affiliated with anniversary added at the aforementioned time. The architecture is affiliated with the courtyard through the baby aboideau on the south ancillary of the bedfellow house, in which actuality is a annual tree, a jujube timberline and a baby bamboo forest.
When the buyer busy the Liu Geng Tang Hall, the aback of the bedfellow anteroom had been basically damaged by a fire, abrogation alone four walls and accessible space. The buyer aboriginal summoned bounded craftsmen to adjustment the aback of the bedfellow abode and the kitchen in accordance with the acceptable architecture technology by the way of acclimation the old as the old. It is annual advertence that this adjustment operation has been the aboriginal abode congenital in accordance with the acceptable technology in Hongguan apple in contempo decades, and the architecture action has been absolutely recorded, which has become important abstracts for bounded abstract cultural ancestry research.
Spatial adjustment and concrete upgradingWhen the architectonics aggregation intervened, the architecture adjustment assignment was about completed, and the architecture amplitude arrangement was basically determined. According to the new use action as a homestay, the architectonics aggregation aboriginal combed the breeze lines: simplified the aboriginal again stairs of the building, affiliated the two floors and three absolute areas to anatomy a affiliated cartage breeze line. Then, the accessible annual amplitude and adaptation amplitude are disconnected into zones. The amplitude action of a homestay needs to booty into annual the active acquaintance of adaptation and accessible space, with able movement and quiet, and clandestine and accessible areas coexist organically. In the design, the additional and third floors of the capital anteroom and bedfellow anteroom are authentic as bedfellow rooms, with a absolute of 13 rooms. As a accessible annual and acknowledging accouterment space, the aboriginal attic and the aboriginal kitchen are able with study, Guqin room, studio, chess room, tea room, accouterment and added anatomic spaces.
The courtyard has been rearranged to absorb the annual timberline and jujube copse with spatial attributes, and a coffee boutique has been added in the southeast, which not alone meets the circadian needs of residents, but additionally receives the tourists in Hongguan village.
The advance of abundance of the architecture is actual important for the project. As the approaching action of the architecture is a homestay, the old architecture cannot accommodated the requirements of complete insulation, calefaction preservation, toilet baptize accumulation and arising appropriate by the new function. On the apriorism of not antibacterial the acceptable appearance and arrangement of the architecture as possible, the advance architectonics has added up and bottomward toilets, thickened the absolute copse partition, abounding with insulation and complete insulation materials, and added electric attic heating, air conditioning and 24-hour hot baptize to ensure the active comfort.
Main hall, accession with reverenceThe architects try to acquisition a antithesis amid the apology of age-old barrio and the accession of space. For the old architecture allotment of Liu Geng Tang, the architects adopted a aseptic architectonics attitude and approved their best to advance the amplitude spirit, the ability loci, of Huizhou age-old house. At the aforementioned time, through the transformation of the capital hall, patio, stairs, restaurants and added accessible spaces, to accomplish the abundance of the action of accommodation. In addition, new abstracts and new forms are placed in bounded positions in a capricious way to actuate the amplitude atmosphere and anatomy a new-old dialogue.
The capital anteroom is the best important accessible amplitude of the aboriginal building, which generally plays a role of point, is an important carrier to appearance the owner’s ideal and taste, and has a different airy amount role in Huizhou age-old house. The accessible action of the new capital anteroom is added strengthened, and the new and old “master” animosity of Liu Geng Tang are redefined in aggregate with the new functions and styles of the space. The accomplished amplitude is themed with books, paintings, Guqin and tea: the aboriginal blueprint of the capital anteroom amplitude is replaced by account space, the arena is advised as overhead, bookshelves are added on both sides, and account action allotment to the anatomy of low sitting. The allotment bank with the aboriginal amplitude complete is aloof as the vertical interface of the space, basic a chat with the anew added furniture. The applique “Liu Geng Tang” on the top of the capital anteroom still stays in the aboriginal place, and becomes the airy antecedent of the accomplished amplitude afterwards bringing out the theme.
The East and west abandon of the capital anteroom were originally residential spaces, one of which has been afflicted into a collapsed and the added into a teahouse. The aggregation advised a mirror basin in the patio. The buyer of the basin arrive bounded artists to actualize an accession with mountains and rivers as ambition with animate plates as raw materials, acceptable the adverse appearance of the capital hall. The absorbed amplitude in the southwest of the patio is able with a animate table, breadth Guqin can be played. The aboriginal access of the architecture is still aloof in the southeast.
Guest house, creating a avant-garde and agreeable lifeThe bedfellow abode is alongside to the capital hall, with a two-row courtyard layout, and the courtyard in the south is an absolute space. Afterwards transformation, it is advised as a ancestors apartment with its own patio and absolute staircases. The courtyard in the north, low in the South and aerial in the north, is a quadrangle, with a baby breach in the East affiliated with the capital anteroom by one span, and the restaurant in the West, and with two floors in the South and three floors in the north. The patio is the amount of the amplitude and the alone abode to “breathe”. Different from the surrounding antique, the architects achievement to acquaint aesthetic elements to actuate the atmosphere. Finally, a “fish-leaping-over-the-dragon-gate” themed accession is abeyant in the space, of which the adjustable absorption ablaze of metal abstracts brings spirit to the originally attenuated patio space.
The third attic on the arctic ancillary of the bedfellow abode is the better and best comfortable bedfellow allowance in Liu Geng Tang, which has alone one floor, and the ample bottle on the south ancillary can advance the sunlight into the allowance actual well. Bodies sitting in bed, or lying in the bathtub, through the bottle can accept a across-the-board appearance of the abreast roofs and far hilltops, as able-bodied as the bleary rain of four seasons, although not the age-old way of life, but the age-old agreeable mood.
Restaurant, both applied and ambientThe restaurant is disconnected into three floors: the aboriginal attic as a leisure breadth with baby tables for 2-4 people, the additional attic able with two ample annular tables to accommodated the dining needs of abounding people, and the third attic a tea allowance space. At the aforementioned time, the architects and the buyer additionally achievement to accommodate a assertive leisure and cultural atmosphere. On the aboriginal floor, a hand-made broiler is put into the space. The asperous appearance adds the atmosphere of farmhouse to the interior. In the patio on the arctic ancillary of the fireplace, the buyer arrive Ms. Wen Na, a acclaimed illustrator, to actualize a nine beat aerial bank painting, “Ink God”, to appearance the adventure of Hui ink in a avant-garde way. In accession to the point, it additionally corresponds to the all-embracing architectonics abstraction of Liu Geng Tang.
A baby chess allowance is set up on the additional floor. Through the ample bottle window, from the chess allowance and the patio of the bedfellow abode bodies can see anniversary other. The architects advised a butt skylight on the roof of the chess room, which introduces the skylight into the allowance to anatomy a affecting aperture. The chess allowance is artlessly decorated. Tatami with white walls makes bodies calm. The alone adornment comes from the arctic wall. The artist uses bamboo cardboard to arise the wall, with aphotic ablaze abaft in abstruse effect. With the ablaze off, the bank apparent is collapsed and plain; but with the ablaze on, a abounding moon emerges quietly.
The third attic is broadcast from the aboriginal assorted allowance and roof platform, on which man can accept a acceptable appearance of the big trees, streams and rice fields at the access of the village. The architects adopted bottle bluff to accomplish the allowance as cellophane and ablaze as accessible to abstain the access of the abundant aggregate on the old building.
Courtyard, new architecture creating new fieldDue to the huge tourism abeyant of Hongguan apple in the future, the buyer hopes to use the courtyard to add a amplitude for alien service, which is usually acclimated as a coffee boutique and additionally as a baby affair and classroom function. In this regard, on the one hand, the architects accede it as necessary, while, on the other, it is yet not accepted to be too prominent, because, too outstanding new architecture will accordingly affect the capital position of the old house.
Finally, the coffee boutique is amid in the southeast bend of the courtyard, with the east and south walls as the sides, and the absolute annual timberline as the center, cartoon an arc sideline. The new architecture does not accept the acceptable style, it is added like a non-styled geometry. In adjustment not to “occupy” the alfresco space, the architects achievement to use the roof of the new building. A step-by-step roof architecture is designed. The lower amplitude is acclimated as a coffee and multi-functional hall, and the high allotment is a roof platform, which becomes a abode for alfresco dining and activities. The high and lower spaces are affiliated by an affected and affable staircase, which not alone strengthens the characteristics of the new building, highlights the subjectivity of the old house, but additionally provides affluent acquaintance in the vertical ambit for the apparent courtyard itself. In the lower allotment of the ladder, bamboos are acclimated to actualize the angel of a “bamboo forest”, which responds to the aboriginal bamboo backwoods in the acreage and provides accouchement with arena space.
The alien adverse of the roof of the new architecture is fabricated of able and reused old copse larboard over from the adjustment of the old building. The architects achievement to accord the new architecture with acceptable thinking. All abandon of the new architecture are bottle blind walls, which can accumulate ablaze and cellophane while introducing sunlight as abundant as possible. The autogenous amplitude is simple, and the appliance movable, so that the amplitude can be flexibly arranged.
With the new building, the mural of the courtyard has additionally been designed. Calm but not advised is the accepted abstraction of courtyard landscape. The aboriginal annual and jujube copse are preserved as the advantageous point and centermost of the courtyard. The bounded flagstones of Huizhou are acclimated for pavement, and the accessible channels in the apple are alien to anatomy a baby baptize arrangement in the courtyard. The old architecture is the capital accomplishments of the courtyard, while the new building, as the foreground, moderately separates the courtyard and the apple square. At the aforementioned time, with a aspect of encircling, it highlights the accent of the annual timberline and the old architecture facade, authoritative the courtyard amplitude added three-dimensional.
EpilogueThe transformation of Liu Geng Tang has accomplished three years from architectonics to completion, during which, due to assorted reasons, the architectonics has been afflicted for several times, and the arrangement has acquired from bang to gentleness. It doesn’t amount to be appropriate or wrong, but the continued action absolutely triggered the architects’ cerebration on such projects. Architecture in the countryside, abnormally in the celebrated countryside, needs to face abounding propositions. In Liu Geng Tang, how to antithesis action and atmosphere, abreast and tradition, ability and business, a alternation of contradictions, is faced by the architects and owner. However, we accept consistently believed that atmosphere is additionally a function, that attitude was additionally “modern” at that time, and that man could assuredly accomplish money with culture.
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